Ludlow was constructed at the instigation of Walter de Lacy or his son Roger in the late eleventh century in… Read more Ludlow Castle and the Wars of the Roses
William Rufus captured the city of Carlisle in 1092 and built a castle at the northern edge of the settlement.… Read more Carlisle Castle and the Wars of the Roses
(Photograph of Wigmore Castle, Herefordshire) On the night of 12 October 1460, the Yorkist lords abandoned their army, encamped at… Read more Establishing royal authority in the Welsh Marches in 1460
Denbigh was founded in the late thirteenth century following the conquest of north Wales, on the site of a previous… Read more Denbigh Castle and the Wars of the Roses
(A photograph of Skipton Castle in Yorkshire, besieged three times between 1461 and 1464) Castle warfare and sieges are not… Read more How frequently were castles besieged during the Wars of the Roses?
Kenilworth was founded in the early twelfth century by Geoffrey de Clinton, who served as chamberlain to Henry I. It… Read more Kenilworth Castle and the Wars of the Roses
My latest book, The Castle in the Wars of the Roses, was published last month by Pen & Sword. I… Read more The Castle in the Wars of the Roses
It is hard to believe when looking at pretty Alnwick today, that it was a fiercely contested and fought over… Read more Alnwick Castle and the Wars of the Roses
Soon after beginning my PhD research into the development of early English gunpowder weapons, I started work at the Westgate… Read more Were medieval English guns dangerous to use?
My next tour is of Caerphilly Castle in south Wales, a huge imposing fortress that is a marvel to see.… Read more A tour of Caerphilly Castle