Alnwick Castle and the Wars of the Roses

It is hard to believe when looking at pretty Alnwick today, that it was a fiercely contested and fought over place in the late fifteenth century. In fact Alnwick was subjected to more sieges than any other castle during the Wars of the Roses. Alnwick was founded in around c.1100 by the Vescy family, whoContinue reading “Alnwick Castle and the Wars of the Roses”

The Rhys ap Maredudd Rebellion and the Siege of Dryslwyn Castle in 1287

By 1283 Edward I of England had succeeded in conquering Wales, with the native Welsh dynasty of the house of Gwynedd all but wiped out. Yet the English conquerors were forced to contend with years of rebellions by the Welsh. One of these uprisings was led by Rhys ap Maredudd who took up arms againstContinue reading “The Rhys ap Maredudd Rebellion and the Siege of Dryslwyn Castle in 1287”

The Siege of Stirling Castle in 1304

(Stirling Castle) The film Outlaw King begins with a vivid depiction of the siege of Stirling Castle in 1304, a key event in the First Scottish War of Independence. A huge trebuchet is shown throwing a flaming projectile over the walls to smash the defenders into submission. The film uses the surrender of the castleContinue reading “The Siege of Stirling Castle in 1304”

Kidwelly Castle and the Owain Glyn Dŵr Rebellion

For a time in the early fifteenth century it seemed a real possibility that the Welsh rebel leader Owain Glyn Dŵr would succeed in fully driving the English out of Wales and would realise his ambition to be Prince of Wales. The failure of his rebellion was due in large part to the success ofContinue reading “Kidwelly Castle and the Owain Glyn Dŵr Rebellion”